Without even knowing it, you could be developing habits that harm your printer. I recently attended Hewlett-Packard’s “Science of Printing” event on behalf of Small Business Trends, where I learned some tips from the experts for keeping your printer going the distance.
Below are clever tricks to get the most out of your printer.
Choose the Right Model
Before even buy a printer, consider your needs. If you print documents daily, find a small business printer designed for heavy use. These printers are almost always labeled for business use. HP, for instance, offers the Officejet line of printers for various business sizes.
On the other hand, if you print photos on a semi-regular basis, find the model most suited for that kind of activity. HP’s Photosmart models are examples of popular photo printers.
To assess your printing needs, try to consider how many pages you normally print each month, along with any special features you require like photo printing, faxing, or scanning.
Selecting the wrong kind of device can lead to a build up of excess ink, which can harm the device and impact quality.
Use the Right Ink
Once you’ve selected the device most suited to your needs, it’s also important to use ink that is made specifically for that device if you want to save your printer.
Ink cartridges release ink for servicing purposes even when they’re not printing. The ones made for a particular printer will know precisely how much ink to release, saving you from extra maintenance or reduced print quality. The video below discusses ink quality:
Avoid Third Party Ink
Some third party ink solutions claim to work with particular devices, but they aren’t made specifically for your device. They won’t necessarily release the correct amounts of ink for maintenance and if you use your printer too much or too little, it could lead to clogging or low print quality.
To avoid this and save your printer, use ink directly from the printer’s manufacturer and avoid using refill ink. The video below debunks common beliefs about refill ink:
Consider High Capacity Cartridges
For businesses that print a lot, there are high-capacity options available. These extra-large cartridges are a better value overall, and are still primed for high-volume printers. HP Supplies Technology Specialist Thom Brown says  that these high-capacity cartridges can offer up to three times more black printed pages and two and a half more printed color pages.
Keep it Running
If you turn off your printer between jobs, you could actually be harming the device. Keeping the device on between jobs allows the printer to go through maintenance cycles. These cycles use trace amounts of ink to keep cartridges primed for printing.
If you turn the printer off, the cartridge could fill up with air or even get clogged with excess ink. This can cause lower print quality or even damage to the device. Consumer Reports also says  that leaving the printer on between jobs, for certain models at least, actually leads to less ink being used for maintenance purposes.
Only Replace When Necessary
Instead of replacing your cartridge right after a print job, wait until you’re ready to print again. By plugging in a new cartridge, you could be causing your printer to go through unnecessary maintenance cycles. These maintenance cycles only require trace amounts of ink to prime your printer for upcoming work. Even a near-empty cartridge can work in this instance.
Choose Fonts Carefully
If you want to get the most pages for your dollar, selecting a different font could help. Fonts like Times New Roman use up less ink than bolder ones like Arial. When design isn’t an issue, this simple step can keep your printing costs down, save your printer ink, and help you get the most out of your device. According to  BBC News, other economical typefaces include Garamond and Courier. Impact and Cooper Black were among the worst for ink conservation.
Change Your Settings
If your device is one that has a “Draft” setting, changing it could cut down on your ink usage and keep your printer from working as hard. Though the exact amount of ink saved is hard to measure and varies by device and project, any ink saved can be a bonus.
Changing the default setting from “Normal” to “Draft” mode creates characters that are not as bold. This might not work for all projects. But for personal use, it can definitely save you ink and money in the long run. To change settings, HP says  to go to the printing options or preferences tab on your computer and select “Draft output.”
Don’t Print Unnecessary Items
When you print something from a website or similar outlet, you can sometimes inadvertently print ads or other items that aren’t necessary. This uses up ink and makes your printer work harder without any benefit to you.
Instead, to save your printer ink, cut these items out using an application like HP’s Smart Print, or just do it manually.
Image: HP Video Still