According to technology entrepreneur and researcher Vivek Wadwha, women entrepreneurs continue to be poorly represented in technology businesses.
Wadwha enlisted the National Center for Women and Information Technology (NCWIT) to analyze data on 549 successful entrepreneurs. Some ways male and female entrepreneurs differed:
- Women were more motivated by the encouragement of business partners.
- Women counted on business partners as key funding sources more often than men.
- Women rated prior experience as more important to their businesses’ success than did men.
- Women valued professional and business networks more highly.
- Men felt the financial pressure to earn an income more strongly than did women.
But there are also many similarities. In general, men and women entrepreneurs had equivalent education, an early interest in entrepreneurship, similar work experience and similar access to financing. They also shared the same motivations: the desire to make money, to be their own bosses and to see their ideas come to fruition.
Given the similarities, Wadwha writes, “We remain perplexed by the dearth of female startup executives. Evidence suggests that this does not reflect a failure on the part of women but rather a societal failure.”
Cindy Padnos, managing director of Illuminate Ventures, has researched the role of women in high tech. Illuminate Ventures’ research  found that women-led high-tech startups generate higher revenues per investment dollar and are less likely to fail than those led by men. Women-led venture-backed tech companies are also more capital-efficient, starting with one-third less capital than those owned by men but reaching similar revenue levels in the same time period.
Given the practical advantages of women-led businesses, Padnos is confident that the number of women in the technology industry will grow. Wadwha notes that in India — a much more conservative country than the U.S. — women are rapidly taking top roles in business. Rapid change in India’s economy may be one reason women are more accepted as businesspeople.