10 Things to Know Before Investing in a Cattle Ranch

10 Things to Know Before Investing in a Cattle Ranch

When a 2003 Chinese ban on American beef was lifted recently , ranchers in the U.S. were cautiously optimistic. There is a possibility the move is designed to tweak China’s beef trade with Australia, but also a huge opportunity if the Chinese market opens up for U.S. ranchers.

Considerations Before Investing in a Cattle Ranch

Small Business Trends spoke with Buzz Tatom. He’s a Partner/Ranch Sales Associate at Venture West Ranches in Montana. Here are 10 things to know before investing in a cattle ranch.

Take a Look at the Land Support Capability

Simply put, you need to know what the land will support. Most important here is animal carry capacity. It’s all about the number of cattle that can graze on the property without destroying it.

 Be Clear on the Agricultural/Recreational  Value

“A big part of the value that’s being represented is recreational,” Tatom says. Buying a ranch means knowing the importance of the term agricultural value or the land that can be irrigated otherwise and used for cattle. Canyons and the like are recreational. You need to look at how much of each type is available.

Follow Your Rights for Water

Making sure you understand your rights about the water that flows through your property is critical. Having senior  water rights that are current means being assured of a steady flow. If you’re further down a list, someone higher up can change the amount of water you get for important aspects like irrigation.

Know Your Mineral Rights

Buying a cattle ranch means knowing who owns what’s above and below the surface.  If you only have what’s called surface rights, another party can dig up your ranch to get at the minerals underneath.

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Tatom explains why mineral rights are important.

“Without them, someone can literally walk in on you the next day and drill wells on your property.”

Understand Access to the Property

Are there easements running through the land you’re interested in? Does any part of your land cross a neighbor’s? It’s good to know if there are any extenuating circumstances like these before you buy.

Have the Soil Tested

Groundwater contamination could ruin the entire deal if it’s bad enough. Find out if there were any dump sites in the area and hazardous wastes buried on the property.

Get the Skinny from the Locals  

“I always encourage clients to spend some extra time in local cafés and shops asking people’s opinions about the ranch,” Tatom says. “You’ll be surprised at some of the things people will say about present owners.”

Check the Neighbors Out

You’ll have dealings with the people next door, even if you don’t see them all the time. Fences will need to be mended and mineral rights and a host of other issues looked after. Getting to know the neighbors can make bigger decisions like wildlife management easier.

Take a Look at Tax Status

When you buy a ranch, it should come with some exemptions that are tied to your tax status. There are agricultural exemptions and wildlife exemptions that you want to look into. It’s critical to find out what you need to do to keep these active.

Look at your Financing Options  

Finally, it’s important to know what your best options are for paying for your new ranch.Everything is easiest if you’re buying a place with cash. Otherwise you’re going to need to find a qualified agricultural lender to help steer the purchase to a conclusion.

Cattle Ranch Photo via Shutterstock 5 Comments ▼

Rob Starr Rob Starr is a staff writer for Small Business Trends. Rob is a freelance journalist and content strategist/manager with three decades of experience in both print and online writing. He currently works in New York City as a copywriter and all across North America for a variety of editing and writing enterprises.

5 Reactions
  1. It is really a business that will need some experience or knowledge. You need to do your research so that you’ll know what to do. I didn’t know there were so many things to consider for a cattle ranch.

  2. I think that having a cattle ranch is self sustaining. I did not think that there are so many things involved in creating one.

  3. Talking with Buzz was interesting. There is a lot more to ranching than we think. Good thing these folks take on the responsibility.

  4. Rob I very much enjoyed talking with you and the article. I don’t think the average American has any idea how difficult it is to bring food to the table of our country yet these people do it day in and day out. They also do it while not knowing whether they will turn a profit for the year. What other business can have your sales price drop by 50% or more in one year and survive. Ranches and farms can be very good investments but they do need a very good manager.

  5. I don’t eat beef (And I feel a lot better physically since I stopped) so cattle ranchers do nothing to “bring food to my table.” I get sick of people saying this. More and more people are realizing that beef is garbage. So the myth these “folks” doing that hard work of putting “food on our tables” needs to go away. All cattle ranchers do for me and people like me is insure that we cannot drink stream water in our entire state. All the water bodies here are poisoned with e coli and giardia in large part thanks to ranchers and their socialized grazing “rights.”