The Standard Deduction 2022: Everything You Need to Know


Knowing what you can deduct from your income and how that affects your taxes this year has never been more important. To help make understanding all of these different tax deductions easier for you, we’re here today with a complete guide about the ins and outs of the standard deduction 2022.

Dive deeper into this guide to gain essential knowledge about the standard deduction that can help maximize refunds or minimize tax payments. This could be the key to an improved financial plan during the tax season, so let’s embark on this informative journey!

What is the Standard Deduction 2022?

In tax terms, the standard deduction is a pre-set amount that taxpayers who choose not to itemize deductions can subtract from their total gross income. This deduction directly affects the amount of income that will be considered for taxation, lowering the overall tax liability and potentially increasing your tax refund.

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Let’s take a look at a table of the federal income tax system tax year 2022 standard deduction, which has a deadline of April 18, 2023.

Filing Status2022 Standard Deduction
Single or Married Filing Separately12950
Married Filing Jointly or Qualifying Widow(er)25900
Head of Household19400
At least 65 years old or blindAdditional $1,400
At least 65 years old or blind (single or head of household)Additional $1,750
At least 65 years old and blindAdditional deduction amount doubled

standard deduction help

How Does the Standard Deduction Work?

Essentially, the standard deduction operates as a subtractive mechanism to lower the taxable income for individuals and families. The functionality of this deduction is primarily reflected in the taxpayer’s 1040 form, a key document for declaring income and taxes.

Once applied, this deduction results in a reduced total tax due, primarily because the adjusted taxable income (post deduction) serves as the basis for tax computation.

The convenience of the standard deduction lies in its simplicity – the deducted amount doesn’t require itemization or documentation. It’s a flat amount applied across the board for all filers who opt to claim it.

Typically, taxpayers find it beneficial to claim the standard deduction when their individual deductions fall short of the standard deduction threshold. In such scenarios, the standard deduction would lead to a decrease in overall taxes owed.

The standard deduction emerges as a valuable tool for those seeking to diminish their taxable income, thereby retaining a larger portion of their earnings. To provide a clear understanding, we have outlined the individuals or groups who are eligible to claim the standard deduction, based on their filing status:

  • Individuals – Single filers, heads of households, married filing jointly couples, taxpayers 65 years or older, and those who are blind may all qualify for the basic standard deduction.
  • Businesses – Sole proprietorships, partnerships, LLCs, S-corporations, C-corporations, and non-profits may be able to take advantage of the standard deduction if they meet certain criteria.
  • Estates & Trusts – Fiduciaries administering the estate or trust may be eligible to claim the deduction on behalf of the estate or trust if some qualifications are met.

Standard Deduction Restrictions

Despite its myriad benefits, such as the capacity to lower taxable income and subsequently taxes due, there are restrictions on who can claim the standard deduction. To be considered eligible, taxpayers need to satisfy certain criteria which we have outlined below:

  • Income Limitations – Taxpayers must meet certain income thresholds in order to qualify for the deduction. So people in higher income tax brackets may need to speak with a tax advisor or accountant to determine if they would be better off itemizing their deductions.
  • Dual Status Filers – Couples who are married filing separately, when a spouse itemizes deductions, and those with both U.S. citizen and non-citizen spouse status may be restricted from claiming the deduction. This is due to certain complexities that can arise when filing a dual-status tax return.
  • Dependents – Dependents are not allowed to claim the standard deduction and must itemize their deductions to lower taxable income. This is because the higher rate of taxation on dependents often results in them having to itemize their deductions rather than claim the standard deduction.
  • Itemizers vs. Non-itemizers – Taxpayers that choose to itemize their deductions instead of taking the standard deduction will not be eligible for the deduction in most cases.
  • Nondeductible expenses – Medical, dental, and certain other expenses are generally not deductible when taking the standard deduction.
  • Annual accounting period change – If a person files a federal income tax return that’s for a timeframe of fewer than 12 months because of a change in their annual accounting period, then they cannot claim a standard deduction.

standard deduction tax coinsHow to Claim the Standard Deduction and Lower Your Tax Bill

Embracing the standard deduction could be a savvy move to diminish your taxable income and lessen the amount of taxes you owe. To facilitate this, we have compiled a systematic guide on how to claim the standard deduction:

Step 1: Gather Your Tax Documents

Begin the process of applying for the standard deduction by assembling all pertinent tax documents. These might include your W-2, 1099s, and other forms embodying income-related information.

Step 2: Calculate Your Income

Upon collecting the necessary documents, you must aggregate your gross income. This is the total income before any deductions have been implemented.

Step 3: Calculate Your Deduction Amount

For the standard deduction, you’ll need to compare two amounts: the standard deduction and the sum of all itemized deductions. If the standard deduction is superior, it would be wise to claim it.

Step 4: File Your Tax Return

With the deduction decision made, you can now proceed to file your tax return. Remember to include all relevant forms and documents when filing.

If you’re self-employed, make sure you know how to file self-employment taxes and research the best tax software for self-employed to fit your specific business needs.

Step 5: Lower Your Tax Liability

Ultimately, the standard deduction reduces your tax liability by lowering your taxable income. This translates to a lighter tax burden, enabling you to retain more of your earnings.

calculate standard deduction

Standard Tax Deduction Vs Itemized Deductions

The standard deduction and itemized deductions are both designed to help taxpayers decrease their taxable income and thus reduce the taxes they owe. The unifying feature between the two is their function of permitting deductions from gross income.

The fundamental distinction between them lies in their calculation methods. The standard deduction offers a flat deduction amount, while itemized deductions rely on actual expenses, necessitating proof through receipts and other documentation.

Taxpayers must opt for either of the two. If a taxpayer chooses to itemize, they forego the standard deduction and vice versa. The determination of which deduction option brings greater savings is subjective and hinges on an individual’s overall tax landscape and financial circumstances.

The Standard Deduction 2023

Forward-thinking taxpayers will begin preparing for their 2023 returns now, even while still in the process of filing their 2022 return. As a head start, here are the 2023 standard deduction amounts for those seeking to leverage this tax relief strategy early:

Filing Status2022 Standard Deduction
Single or Married Filing Separately$13,850
Married Filing Jointly or Qualifying Widow(er)$27,700
Head of Household$20,800
At least 65 years old or blindAdditional $1,500
At least 65 years old or blind (single or head of household)Additional $1,850
At least 65 years old and blindAdditional deduction amount doubled

standard deduction dollars

Standard Deduction: Key Aspects to Remember

The standard deduction constitutes a pivotal facet of your tax filing process, thus understanding the exact deduction amount you’re entitled to becomes critical. With changes introduced for the 2022 tax year, your deduction capacity may vary, underscoring the need for preparedness and awareness.

Understanding the standard deduction can help you optimize your deductions, translating into monetary savings on your tax obligations. If you find yourself grappling with the standard deduction or other related deductions, it could be advantageous to engage the services of a certified tax professional. They can offer comprehensive advice on tax filing protocols and strategies to reduce your tax burden.

Adopting this approach will help you harness the maximum benefits from your tax filing and decrease your overall liability. Additionally, the IRS provides free tax consultation services, offering an accessible resource for any tax-related queries. Their assistance can be instrumental in addressing uncertainties and streamlining your tax filing process.

business man calculating tax

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Kevin Ocasio Kevin Ocasio is a staff writer for Small Business Trends, United States Marine Corps veteran, serial entrepreneur, and certified digital marketer, who writes for various online publications including his own Grind Boss blog.

One Reaction
  1. Small businesses can’t directly apply the standard deduction like individual taxpayers. Instead, they can deduct eligible business expenses from their revenue to determine their taxable income. Common deductible expenses include operating costs, employee wages, rent, utilities, and more. It’s crucial to maintain accurate records and consult a tax professional to ensure proper deduction of business expenses and compliance with tax regulations.

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