Is Your Business Prepped? 10 Steps to Prepare for Extreme Cold Weather





Preparing your business for extreme weather and colder temperatures ensures the well-being and safety of employees and customers. Challenging weather events and freezing temperatures can lead to problems like health hazards and business disruptions.

This blog will cover ten steps to help any small business prepare for extreme winter weather. 

how to prepare for extreme cold weather



How to Prepare for Extreme Cold Weather

To prepare your business for extreme winter weather, you first need to conduct a risk assessment. This is all about uncovering potential vulnerabilities like the reliability of your HVAC system and the structural integrity of the buildings.

how to prepare for extreme cold weather

Step 1: Conduct a Risk Assessment for Cold Weather

Taking a tailored approach works best. Although every business is different, some general steps include evaluating the reliability of your supply chain during a winter storm.

Categorize what’s essential for day-to-day operations. Consider your employees’ commuting challenges and look for patterns from past winter storms.


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how to prepare for extreme cold weather

Step 2: Develop an Emergency Plan for Winter Storms

You can follow some general steps to develop an emergency plan for winter storms.

  1. Designate a team that includes people from every department.
  2.  Highlight specific risks like the areas where the power can go out, and communications can break down.
  3. Communication plans are next. They must include suppliers, customers, and employees, so contact lists must be updated.
  4. Check your backup procedures to ensure data doesn’t get compromised. IT systems need to be accessed remotely or protected against outages.
  5. A business continuity plan must have recovery procedures, backup sites, and alternative suppliers listed.

Step 3: Insulate and Protect Your Business Premises

 Use insulation to seal gaps around walls, doors, and windows. Storm windows and doors are excellent additions, especially when caulking and weather stripping are used to seal them up. Pipes exposed to external walls can freeze. Small businesses should either insulate them or keep a trickle of water flowing at all times during the winter. 

how to prepare for extreme cold weather



Step 4: Ensure Reliable Heating and Power Supply

A professional energy audit of your HVAC system before the cold sets in can ensure reliability. A thorough testing and inspection can identify issues that need to be repaired.

A commercial-grade generator is an excellent backup power solution.

Step 5: Safeguard Your Technology and Data

Ice storms and heavy snowfall can cause power outages. Off-site backups and cloud storage are excellent data backup and recovery solutions.

how to prepare for extreme cold weather



Step 6: Prepare Your Employees for Extreme Cold

Employees need to be educated to protect themselves in this kind of weather.

  •     Outdoor work should include the buddy system so workers can monitor each other.
  • Winter emergency procedures should include evacuating during a power outage in icy conditions.
  •  Employees should be aware of a winter car survival kit that includes a first aid kit, non-perishable snacks, blankets and a flashlight.
  • Remind your staff that winter clothing should be layered and loose-fitting. Waterproof boots can help maintain body heat.

Step 7: Ensure Safety from Carbon Monoxide During the Winter Season

Carbon monoxide safety becomes a more significant issue in colder weather because of the increased use of heating appliances.  Water heaters, boilers and furnaces need to be inspected regularly. Enclosed spaces should all have carbon monoxide detectors installed.

how to prepare for extreme cold weather

Step 8: Establish Clear Communication Channels

Keeping the communication lines open during a winter storm allows for timely updates and responding quickly to changing conditions. Have a plan that includes different channels like text messages, emails and social media updates so everyone can reach each other promptly and efficiently.



Step 9: Review Insurance and Legal Considerations

You must be covered during a winter storm for damages to your business and other potential risks.

  • Check your insurance policies to ensure they cover terms like frozen pipes, slips and falls on icy surfaces, and the damage caused by snow on roofs.

Legal considerations include ensuring the premises are safe for visitors, customers, and employees. A business can be held liable for slip and fall accidents. Proactive actions include removing ice buildup along the eaves troughs and the edge of a roofline during a winter storm

Step 10: Plan for Business Continuity

Making sure that your employees stay safe and your business stays up and running during a weather event is essential. A clear remote work policy, data recovery and backup systems, a backup power solution, and alternative communication channels all need to be worked out.

how to prepare for extreme cold weather



Understanding the Risks of Extreme Cold

Blocked roads can cause supply chain disruptions during winter storms. Snowfall that’s heavy enough and ice that accumulates can even collapse a roof. Winter storms can lead to power outages that can lead to data loss.

Increased operating costs for snow removal services and emergency repairs are other impacts. Understanding the cold weather risks for small businesses is crucial in these situations.

how to prepare for extreme cold weather

What Constitutes Extreme Cold?

This cold is defined as temperatures that drop below zero degrees Fahrenheit in northern parts of America. Temperatures near the freezing mark are considered extreme in the South.



A winter storm involves several different conditions, including low temperatures, strong winds, freezing rain, sleet, ice and heavy snowfall.

how to prepare for extreme cold weather

The Impact of Extreme Cold on Businesses

 This cold has several wide-ranging effects on a business, including fluctuations in customer demand. Small companies can face higher heating costs and interruptions to phone and internet services.

Even after the storms are over, insurance disputes over liability and damages can occur. It’s vital to understand how weather affects businesses to be adequately prepared.



how to prepare for extreme cold weather

StepAction ItemDescriptionKey Considerations
Conduct a Risk AssessmentEvaluate VulnerabilitiesIdentify potential risks like HVAC reliability and building structural integrity.Include supply chain evaluation during winter storms.
Develop an Emergency PlanDesignate Response TeamCreate a plan involving all departments focusing on specific risks and communication breakdowns.Ensure the plan includes updated contact lists for suppliers, customers, and employees.
Insulate and Protect PremisesSeal and InsulateUse insulation for walls, doors, and windows. Consider storm windows and doors.Pay special attention to pipes exposed to external walls to prevent freezing.
Ensure Reliable Heating and PowerAudit HVAC SystemPerform a professional energy audit and inspection before winter.Consider a commercial-grade generator for backup power.
Safeguard Technology and DataImplement Backup SolutionsUtilize off-site backups and cloud storage for data safety.Prepare for potential power outages due to ice storms and heavy snowfall.
Prepare Employees for ColdEducate and EquipTrain employees for cold weather safety, including evacuation procedures.Emphasize the importance of winter clothing, buddy systems, and winter car survival kits.
Carbon Monoxide SafetyInspect Heating AppliancesRegularly check water heaters, boilers, and furnaces.Install carbon monoxide detectors in enclosed spaces.
Establish Communication ChannelsMaintain Open LinesKeep channels like texts, emails, and social media updated for quick communication.Plan for diverse communication methods during storms.
Review Insurance and LegalitiesCheck PoliciesEnsure coverage for damages and risks specific to winter storms.Be proactive in preventing accidents, such as slips and falls on icy surfaces.
Plan for Business ContinuityDevelop Remote Work PoliciesHave clear policies for data recovery, backup power, and alternative communication channels.Ensure the business can operate remotely and efficiently during extreme weather events.

how to prepare for extreme cold weather

FAQ: How to Prepare for Extreme Cold Weather

Here are the answers to some common questions.

How can businesses assess their risk for extreme cold weather?

They should look at the historical weather patterns for their location. And factor in employee availability and any disruptions to their supply chain.



What are the essential supplies businesses should have for winter storms?

The top essential supplies include emergency lighting that should be installed around exit routes. Different portable chargers, battery banks, and at least one backup generator should be included. Generators should be left outside to avoid carbon monoxide.

How do you prepare your business’s tank and fuel lines for winter weather?

Make sure both are adequately insulated and check them regularly for leaks. Small businesses can look into foam pipe insulation sleeves for fuel lines to combat cold temperatures. Pipes freeze when they are exposed.

What are the best practices to predict extreme cold?

Look at the forecasts from credible meteorological services for winter storm warnings. Look for historical winter weather pattern analysis and advanced data modeling. You’ll be ready when a winter storm hits.

How can businesses ensure employees have appropriate warm clothes for extremely cold weather?

Supplying jackets, hats and gloves that are branded is one way. A small business can offer to reimburse employees who make their purchases of winter clothing to stay warm.



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Rob Starr Rob Starr is a staff writer for Small Business Trends. Rob is a freelance journalist and content strategist/manager with three decades of experience in both print and online writing. He currently works in New York City as a copywriter and all across North America for a variety of editing and writing enterprises.

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