50 Small Agricultural Business Ideas

agricultural business ideas

Beyond the high-tech sector, various industries, such as agriculture, continue to hold significance in the U.S. economy. This sector not only sustains local businesses but also produces essential goods for international trade. While not all businesses may be engaged in global trade, there are numerous compelling opportunities to explore in the realm of small-scale agriculture., here are 50 small agricultural businesses you might consider.

Our Methodology to Choose the Best Agricultural Business Ideas

For entrepreneurs looking to venture into the agricultural sector, choosing the right business idea is key to success. This industry offers a range of opportunities but also comes with its unique set of challenges. We’ve developed a set of criteria to help assess various agricultural business ideas. Each factor is rated on an importance scale where 10 signifies the highest level of importance. This approach ensures that crucial aspects are given priority in our evaluation. Here’s our methodology:

  1. Market Demand and Consumer Trends
    • Our Importance Scale: 10/10
    • Assessing the current and future demand for agricultural products or services is vital. This includes understanding consumer trends and preferences.
  2. Land and Resource Requirements
    • Our Importance Scale: 9/10
    • Evaluating the amount and type of land required, as well as other resources like water and equipment, is crucial for the feasibility of the business.
  3. Sustainability and Environmental Impact
    • Our Importance Scale: 8/10
    • Considering sustainable practices and the environmental footprint of the agricultural business is increasingly important for long-term viability.
  4. Profitability and Revenue Potential
    • Our Importance Scale: 8/10
    • Analyzing the potential for profit, including costs, pricing strategies, and revenue streams, is essential for economic sustainability.
  5. Scalability and Growth Opportunities
    • Our Importance Scale: 7/10
    • The potential to scale the business and expand into new markets or products should be considered.
  6. Regulatory Compliance and Legal Considerations
    • Our Importance Scale: 6/10
    • Understanding and adhering to agricultural laws, regulations, and certifications is crucial to avoid legal issues.
  7. Labor and Skill Requirements
    • Our Importance Scale: 6/10
    • Assessing the need for skilled labor and the availability of such workforce is important for operational planning.
  8. Technological Integration
    • Our Importance Scale: 5/10
    • The ability to integrate modern agricultural technologies can increase efficiency and productivity.
  9. Risk Management
    • Our Importance Scale: 5/10
    • Considering factors like crop failure, market fluctuations, and environmental risks is essential for developing a resilient business plan.
  10. Community and Social Impact
    • Our Importance Scale: 4/10
    • Evaluating the business’s impact on the local community and its potential to contribute socially can enhance reputation and support.

This structured approach allows for a comprehensive assessment of agricultural business ideas, ensuring that entrepreneurs make informed decisions that align with market needs, personal goals, and sustainability practices.

Agricultural Business Ideas

Urban Agriculture

You don’t need a huge space to get into the agriculture business. If you have a city or suburban home, you can still plant some crops in small or vertical containers to get the most out of your space. There are plenty of profitable crops you can grow in these environments.

Farmer’s Market Vending

Whether you live in the city or country, you can take the food that you grow or produce and sell it at local farmers’ markets to earn an income and provide value to your community.

Herb Growing

Herbs like basil, parsley and mint can make for great agriculture products. So you can grow it at your home or farm with little space required and sell it at a profit.

Vegetable Farming

You can also plant a variety of different vegetables and harvest them to sell or make into different products with high market demand.

Livestock Feed Manufacturing

Even if you don’t have enough space to actually farm livestock, you can still contribute to the industry by manufacturing feed for livestock.

Fruit Growing

Or you could grow and harvest various types of fruit to sell or make into other fruit based products.

Field Crop Farming

Soybeans, cloves and other types of crops require a fair amount of field space to grow. But if you have the land, you can harvest specific crops to sell to food producers.

Nursery Operation

You can also start your own nursery where you grow and sell different types of plants to consumers or businesses.

Dairy Farming

If you have the space and the ability to care for cows or other dairy animals, you could start your own dairy farms where you produce milk, cheese and similar products.

Poultry Farming

Or you could focus on caring for chickens and other poultry animals to supply food production companies.

Fish Farming

Fish farming is also a growing sector of the agriculture – or in this case, aquaculture – industry. The process requires raising fish in large tanks or enclosures. There’s tons of market demand and room for profits.

Rabbit Raising

You can also raise rabbits for a variety of different purposes within small pens or similar enclosures.

Snail Farming

If you’re looking for a very small type of animal to raise, you might consider snails. It might sound strange, but you can raise snails for use in escargot. And snail slime can also be used by companies for a variety of different purposes. There’s high profit margins and little space requirements.

Mushroom Farming

You could also start a farm where you focus specifically on growing various types of mushrooms. These grow quickly and can be sold at high profits.


Beekeeping is an activity that can lead to a variety of different product-based business ventures. For example, there’s high market demand for artisanal honey and beeswax.

Honey Production

In fact, many companies focus specifically on harvesting honey from beehives and sell it to consumers or processors.

Beeswax Processing

You can also collect and process beeswax and sell it to companies or individuals that use it to make candles and similar products.

Soy Production

Soy is another popular substance that can be used in a variety of different products. So if you can harvest and process it, you can sell it to companies for various uses.

Food Delivery

If you grow or process food items, you can also build a business around delivering fresh food items to local consumers who want to buy local products.

Bulk Foodstuff Wholesaling

You could also harvest food that can be sold in bulk, like rice or corn product, that you can sell wholesale to food production companies.

Weed Killer Production

Or you could start a B2B business that produces weed killer specifically for farmers or other agricultural businesses.

Fruit Canning

If you grow or process fruit, you can can it to sell to consumers or food companies.

Jam Production

Or you could process various fruits even further to make into canned jam or jelly products. This doesn’t require much space and can even scale over time.

Juice Production

Juice is another popular fruit based product that you could potentially make and sell at farmers’ markets or other venues.

Meat Packing

You can also start a business that processes meat products to sell to consumers or grocery markets.

Hatchery Operation

Or you could focus on collecting and selling chicken eggs. It’s possible to start small and then scale your business over time.

Florist Business

You could even start a florist business where you grow your own flowers to use in different products and arrangements.

Spice Production

There are also plenty of different plants you can grow that will allow you to create various spices that you can process and sell.

Nut Processing

Or you could grow peanuts or similar products that you can package and sell.

Organic Gardening

You could also specialize in organic gardening practices so you can market your products to health and eco-conscious consumers. Sustainability is huge with consumers, and organic foods are in line with current trends.

Sustainable Farm Consulting

Or you could even offer your expertise to other farmers or agriculture businesses that want to utilize sustainable methods as a consultant.

Agricultural Equipment Rental

If you have the capital to purchase farming or agriculture equipment, you could start a business where you rent or lease that equipment out to farmers. This can be an incredibly profitable and scalable business.

Worm Farming

Compost can be a useful tool for food growers. So you can make compost to sell to farmers and gardeners by starting your own worm farm.

Goat Rentals

People who have a lot of land and don’t want to spend the time to mow it could potentially use the help of goats. So you could start your own business where you care for goats and then rent them out for that purpose.

Christmas Tree Farming

You could also grow pine trees on your property and then sell them to nearby customers around the holidays to use as Christmas trees.

Firewood Production

Or if you have other types of trees on your land, you could use sell the firewood to those who need it. Creating a long term sustainable business would depend on expanding the amount of land on which you can harvest trees and also systematic replenishment through continuous replanting.

Tree Seed Supply

You could also harvest seeds from different trees and sell them to people who want to plant new ones.

Oil Production

There are also various types of plants that you can use to produce oil for cooking or other purposes. So you can process that oil process to sell.

Potted Plant Sales

Or you could grow different types of plants and then sell them in pots to gardeners or consumers looking for houseplants.

Butterfly Farming

Gardeners can often use butterflies to aid in their growing processes and aesthetics. So you could start your own butterfly colony and target gardening customers.

Wool Production

Or you could focus on raising animals like sheep and alpaca for wool production.

Pet Food Production

You could also use a variety of different crops and food products to create pet food that you can sell to consumers. There’s always huge market demand for this type of product.

Planting Service

If you don’t have your own farm but still want to build a business centered around planting crops, you could start your own planting service and work with other farmers or growers in your area.

Farm Sitting

Or you could build a business by providing farm sitting services where you take care of people’s farm or land while they travel.

Corn Maze Operation

If you have corn plots on your property, you can create a corn maze that you can charge people to visit throughout part of the year.

Petting Zoo Operation

You could also raise certain animals and then welcome visitors to your farm as part of a petting zoo attraction.

Educational Farming

Or you could have a farm where you welcome student groups or those interested in learning more about farming.

Trail Ride Service

If you have a tractor or other vehicle that you can drive around to different parts of your farm or property, you can offer trail rides as another paid attraction.


You could also offer a whole tourist experience at your farm where people can come visit and maybe even stay as part of a bed and breakfast type of experience.

Fee Hunting

And if you have land that is large enough and has certain types of animals on it, you could even let people pay to visit for hunting purposes.

Nurturing Agricultural Entrepreneurship: Beyond the Fields

While agriculture has a strong foundation in traditional farming practices, innovative business ideas can further enhance its impact and sustainability. Here’s a unique avenue within the agricultural sector that goes beyond traditional farming:

Agrotourism Ventures

Agrotourism offers a fascinating way to connect consumers with the origins of their food and immerse them in the agricultural experience. By opening your farm to visitors, you can create memorable and educational interactions that benefit both your business and the community.

  • Farm Tours: Provide guided tours that showcase various farming activities and offer insights into modern agricultural practices.
  • Farm-to-Table Experiences: Host farm-to-table dinners, allowing visitors to savor the freshness of your produce in a unique culinary setting.
  • Educational Workshops: Offer workshops on sustainable farming techniques, animal husbandry, or even crafting products from farm resources.
  • Accommodation Services: Create a farm stay experience by offering lodging for visitors interested in an authentic rural getaway.
  • Seasonal Events: Organize seasonal festivals, pumpkin patches, or apple picking events that attract families and individuals seeking outdoor adventures.
Agrotourism Ventures: Cultivating Unique Agricultural Experiences
Farm ToursGuided tours showcasing farming activities and modern practices.
Farm-to-Table ExperiencesCulinary events featuring farm-fresh produce in unique settings.
Educational WorkshopsWorkshops on sustainable farming, animal care, and craft-making.
Accommodation ServicesOffering lodging for immersive farm-stay experiences.
Seasonal EventsHosting festivals, pumpkin patches, and outdoor adventures.

Agrotourism ventures not only diversify your revenue streams but also foster a deeper appreciation for agriculture among the public while promoting rural economies.

By tapping into the potential of agrotourism, you can bridge the gap between urban and rural worlds, promote sustainable practices, and cultivate a thriving business with a meaningful impact.

Agriculture’s Timeless Resilience

In an era defined by technological marvels and urbanization, agriculture stands as a steadfast pillar of the American economy. It may not always capture the limelight, but agriculture is deeply woven into the fabric of our nation. It is not merely an industry; it’s a way of life that sustains communities, fosters connections between urban and rural worlds, and guarantees the security of our food supply.

The enduring relevance of agriculture is a testament to its adaptability. While modern life may seem far removed from the image of a traditional farmer, today’s agricultural landscape thrives on innovation and diversification. The 50 small agricultural business ideas we’ve explored here are emblematic of this evolution, showing that agriculture’s reach extends far beyond the countryside.

Cultivating Innovation Across Boundaries

One of the defining characteristics of modern agriculture is its remarkable adaptability and openness to innovation. Urban agriculture is a prime example, proving that farming can flourish even in the heart of the city or within the confines of a suburban backyard. It is a testament to human ingenuity, illustrating our capacity to find solutions and adapt to constraints, no matter how limited the space.

The concept of farmer’s market vending takes us back to the roots of agriculture, where producers and consumers engage directly. It rekindles the age-old tradition of bringing farm-fresh products to local communities, serving as a testament to the enduring entrepreneurial spirit within agriculture.

The simplicity of herb growing and vegetable farming highlights the fact that you don’t need vast tracts of land to embark on an agricultural journey. A small garden or a few containers can yield a bountiful harvest, and these homegrown products can be transformed into a variety of value-added goods. This dynamic not only provides sustenance but also generates income.

Indirect Contributions to Agriculture

While some agricultural entrepreneurs cultivate the land directly, others play vital roles that support the industry indirectly. Consider the manufacture of livestock feed, a pivotal component of the broader livestock sector. Even without the space or means to raise animals, contributing through high-quality feed production ensures the health and productivity of livestock farms.

Nursery operations, often overshadowed, are the silent contributors to the verdant landscapes that surround us. By cultivating and selling various plants, from ornamental shrubs to fruit trees, they enrich our surroundings and provide essential resources for gardeners and landscapers.

Similarly, dairy farming, poultry farming, and fish farming represent facets of animal agriculture that demand considerable resources and expertise. These enterprises ensure a steady supply of dairy products, eggs, and seafood, catering to the nutritional needs of a growing population.

Exploring Specialized Agricultural Niches

Venturing into specialized niches within agriculture opens doors to innovative opportunities. Take snail farming, for instance—a seemingly unconventional yet fascinating endeavor that serves a niche market interested in escargot and snail slime. Similarly, mushroom farming represents a unique and lucrative sector, offering gourmet and medicinal mushrooms to discerning consumers.

In the realm of apiculture, or beekeeping, a world of possibilities unfolds beyond honey production. Beeswax processing, for example, boasts a wide range of applications, from cosmetics to candle making. By engaging in beekeeping, individuals contribute not only to their livelihoods but also to the preservation of essential bee populations crucial for pollination and agriculture.

Harvesting Earth’s Bounty: Crop-Centric Ventures

Crops have always formed the foundation of agriculture, and today, they continue to shape the industry. Field crop farming, focusing on crops like soybeans and cloves, requires substantial acreage but provides raw materials essential to food production. Soy production, on the other hand, showcases the versatility of this legume, with applications ranging from tofu to biofuels.

Enterprises such as fruit canning, jam production, and juice manufacturing capture the essence of fruits at their peak, allowing consumers to savor the flavors of summer throughout the year. These endeavors not only preserve nature’s bounty but also offer value-added products that grace our tables and pantry shelves.

Local Impact, Global Reach: The Essence of Agriculture

While some of the business ideas we’ve explored primarily target local markets, others possess the potential to reach far beyond. Food delivery services that source products from local growers contribute to the “farm-to-table” movement, promoting sustainability and supporting small-scale agriculture. Similarly, bulk foodstuff wholesaling plays a pivotal role in supplying staple crops to food production companies globally, demonstrating that agriculture transcends geographical boundaries.

Pig Farm Photo via Shutterstock

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Annie Pilon Annie Pilon is a Senior Staff Writer for Small Business Trends and has been a member of the team for 12 years. Annie covers feature stories, community news and in-depth, expert-based guides. She has a bachelor’s degree from Columbia College Chicago in Journalism and Marketing Communications.