9 Types of SBA Loans

types of SBA loans

The different types of SBA loans present a highly beneficial avenue for those seeking necessary funding to launch or expand their business ventures.

Various SBA lenders cater to the diverse requirements of businesses by providing a range of loan products, each having its unique set of terms and conditions.

This comprehensive article will offer you valuable insight into the diverse SBA loan types at your disposal and will guide you in determining the ideal loan type to suit your business necessities.

Types of SBA Loans

When you are looking for small business funding through the SBA, you should understand the various loans offered by this institution.

The SBA provides several loan programs tailored for business owners, each designed to meet different business needs and circumstances. Let’s take a closer look at these loans:

Type of SBA LoanPrimary PurposeLoan AmountKey Benefits
SBA 7(a) LoansGeneral business needsUp to $5 millionVersatile, extended repayment
SBA Express LoansQuick approvalUp to $350,000Expedited process
SBA 504 LoansFixed assets (real estate, equipment)$125,000 to $20 millionLarge investments, expansion
SBA MicroloansSmall, short-term needsSmall amountsSuitable for limited funding needs
SBA Disaster LoansDisaster reliefVariesImmediate expenses, continuity of operations
SBA Community Advantage LoansBusinesses in underserved marketsVariesVersatile, community support
SBA Export Working Capital LoansSupport international salesVariesExport financing, short-term working capital
SBA Export Express LoansQuick funding for export operationsUp to $500,000Quick approval, short-term arrangement
SBA International Trade LoansSupport international tradeVariesBroad financial support, promote global competitiveness

sba loans

SBA 7(A) Loans

The SBA 7(a) loan program has gained immense popularity among entrepreneurs due to their flexibility and range of applications. Whether it’s working capital, business expansion, equipment purchases, or property acquisitions, these loans can cover it all.

They allow a maximum loan amount of up to $5 million, and they provide an extended repayment period of up to 25 years, easing the financial burden on small businesses.

SBA Express Loans

SBA Express loans, unlike traditional SBA 7(a) loans, are specifically designed to expedite the loan approval process. These are an ideal option for businesses requiring immediate funding up to $350,000.

They’re especially beneficial for businesses that have a strong credit history and need rapid access to capital.

SBA 504 Loans

SBA 504 loans are specifically designed to finance the acquisition of fixed assets, like real estate or equipment. They offer financial assistance for expansion, renovation, or new construction projects.

With loan amounts that range from $125,000 to a whopping $20 million, these loans cater to businesses planning substantial investments.

SBA Microloans

SBA microloans serve as the perfect financial solution for small businesses that need smaller amounts of funding.

Usually used for working capital or inventory purposes, these small, short-term loans are best suited for businesses with strong credit profiles, which need only a limited amount of funding to support their operations.

SBA Disaster Loans

In times of severe upheaval due to declared disasters, businesses often face immense challenges. SBA disaster loans emerge as a valuable source of financial relief in these trying circumstances.

Specifically tailored for businesses in disaster-stricken areas, these loans provide the essential financial support needed to cover immediate expenses such as repairs or replacement of damaged equipment.

Moreover, they provide crucial working capital to ensure that day-to-day business operations can continue unabated despite the prevailing crisis.

SBA Community Advantage Loans

SBA Community Advantage loans serve a crucial role in empowering businesses operating in underserved markets. They provide an economic boost to these businesses by offering financial support for a broad range of needs.

Whether it’s securing working capital to meet immediate operational expenses, purchasing necessary equipment to enhance productivity, funding expansion initiatives for growth, or investing in property, these loans come with the flexibility to serve a multitude of business needs in marginalized communities.

SBA Export Working Capital Loans

If your small business is eager to expand its footprint in international markets, SBA Export Working Capital loans can be a vital source of funding.

These loans, explicitly designed to cater to the financial requirements of small businesses looking to finance their international sales, can be leveraged to fund accounts receivable, maintain a steady inventory, and meet other short-term working capital needs.

This program plays a pivotal role in supporting small businesses eager to tap into the lucrative opportunities in global markets.

SBA Export Express Loans

For businesses keen on expanding their operations by exporting goods or services, SBA Export Express loans can prove to be highly beneficial. These loans are designed to provide quick access to funding of up to $500,000, enabling businesses to seize international opportunities swiftly.

They offer short-term arrangements with a maximum duration of 12 months, thereby providing a timely infusion of working capital to support export activities, promoting the growth and success of businesses in international trade.

SBA International Trade Loans

SBA International Trade loans are designed to boost businesses actively involved in international trade.

They offer broad financial support, allowing businesses to cover a wide array of expenses, including but not limited to, securing working capital, financing exports, and purchasing necessary equipment and real estate.

These loans are instrumental in enabling businesses to seize global opportunities, leading to increased competitiveness and profitability in international markets.

What Is an SBA Loan?

The Small Business Administration (SBA), a federal agency, is committed to extending its support to small businesses through lending and other forms of assistance.

Numerous loan programs are offered by the SBA, which are distributed through lenders who have formed partnerships with the agency.

These loans have a government-backed assurance where the SBA guarantees a specific part of the loan to the lender in case the borrower defaults. This guarantee facilitates the lender’s approval process for small business loans, thus promoting easier access to funding for businesses.

types of sba loans small business

Why You Should Consider an SBA Loan for Your Small Business

SBA-backed loans pose distinct advantages to small business owners when compared to conventional bank loans. This powerful financial tool can potentially transform your business prospects, providing you with the much-needed funding and flexibility.

Here are five potent reasons why procuring a loan from the SBA should be a consideration for the financial progression of your small enterprise:

  • Lower interest rates. SBA loans typically have lower interest rates than traditional bank loans. You can use this loan to refinance debt, which can save you money on interest and help you get out of debt faster.
  • Longer repayment terms. They tend to have longer repayment terms than traditional bank loans. This means that you will have more time to pay off the loan and lower monthly payments.
  • More flexible eligibility requirements. SBA loans often have more flexible eligibility requirements than traditional bank loans. Loan proceeds can be used for a wider range of purposes, and businesses with less-than-perfect credit may still qualify.
  • No collateral is required. Many SBA loans do not require collateral, making them a good option for businesses that do not have the assets to use as collateral.
  • The government guarantees a portion of the loan. Because of the guarantee by the SBA on a portion of the loan, lenders are more likely to approve your loan request versus a traditional bank loan.

sba loans

How To Qualify for SBA Business Loans

Qualifying for a small business loan through the SBA can be a lengthy process. Let’s discuss some of the basic qualifications for SBA loan programs:

  • Good credit history. In order to qualify for an SBA business loan, you will need to have a good credit history. This means that you will need a minimum FICO score based on the specific loan you’re applying for.
  • Ability to repay the loan. Lenders will also want to see that you have the ability to repay the loan. This means that you will need to have a strong business plan and financials.
  • Business location. Your business must operate in the United States or its territories in order to qualify for this type of loan.
  • Reason for the loan. You must use the loan proceeds for business purposes which include working capital, inventory, equipment, real estate, and more.


What Is The Most Common SBA Loan?

Among the diverse range of SBA loan programs available, the 7(a) loan program is arguably the most prevalent.

This program offers an array of financial solutions tailored for businesses requiring resources for varied purposes such as working capital, equipment financing, or real estate financing.

What makes these loans particularly appealing is their interest rate, which typically stands lower than the rates imposed by commercial banking entities, making it a more affordable alternative for small businesses seeking financial aid.

types of sba loans

Do SBA Loans Have to Be Paid Back?

Indeed, SBA loans necessitate repayment, much like any other loan. However, it’s essential to thoroughly comprehend the terms and conditions of an SBA loan prior to committing to borrow.

A hallmark of SBA loans is their interest rates, which are usually lower than those charged by traditional commercial lenders.

In the unfortunate event of a borrower defaulting on the loan, the lending institution is permitted to seek reimbursement from the borrower’s personal guarantors.

Any personal guarantee given may be backed either partially or entirely by collateral, adding another layer of security for the lender.

types of sba loans

How Do You Apply for an SBA Loan?

Embarking on the SBA loan application process can appear somewhat daunting and lengthy to the uninitiated. As a first step, reach out to your local SBA office or an SBA-endorsed lender for guidance.

Once a suitable lender is identified, the subsequent step involves completing an application form and furnishing requisite documentation, such as business financial records and tax returns.

Post submission, your application is forwarded by the lender to the SBA for review and approval. Upon successful approval, you’ll be obligated to sign a promissory note and offer collateral against the loan, affirming your commitment to repay the loan as per the agreed terms.


Navigating the world of Small Business Administration (SBA) loans and programs is a crucial step for entrepreneurs and small business owners seeking financial support and growth opportunities. This FAQ guide has shed light on the fundamentals of SBA loans, their benefits, eligibility criteria, loan types, and the application process.

SBA loans are a valuable resource for businesses of all sizes, providing access to funding with lower interest rates, longer repayment terms, and flexible eligibility requirements. These loans cover a spectrum of needs, from working capital and equipment financing to international expansion and disaster recovery.

The SBA 7(a) loan program stands out as a versatile and widely utilized option due to its affordability and adaptability. However, businesses should explore other SBA loan programs to find the one best suited to their specific goals.

It’s essential to remember that SBA loans, like any other financial instrument, require repayment. Nevertheless, the SBA’s role in guaranteeing a portion of the loan reduces the risk for lenders, making these loans more accessible.

When applying for an SBA loan, aspiring borrowers should prepare their credit history, financial records, and a comprehensive business plan. Collaborating with an SBA-approved lender and the local SBA office streamlines the application process and increases the likelihood of approval.

Ultimately, SBA loans empower small businesses to pursue growth, innovation, and resilience. By leveraging the advantages of these loans and understanding the intricacies involved, entrepreneurs can chart a path toward achieving their business aspirations.

As the economic landscape evolves and small businesses continue to play a vital role in driving innovation and employment, SBA loans remain a cornerstone of support for those with the vision and determination to succeed. Whether you’re starting a new venture or expanding an existing one, the SBA’s diverse array of loan programs is there to help you realize your entrepreneurial dreams and contribute to the growth of the small business ecosystem.

Explore the opportunities, harness the benefits, and embark on your journey to business success with the valuable resources provided by the Small Business Administration and its loan programs.


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Kevin Ocasio Kevin Ocasio is a staff writer for Small Business Trends and has been with the team for 2 years. He holds certifications in SEO, digital marketing, and content marketing. Kevin is also certified in Information Technology Technical Support Fundamentals.